This is an original essay written by Edward Fagan.

Shakespeare, a humble genius

Shakespeare, William, is England’s national poet. They also designate him the Bard of Avon, and the greatest writer in the English Language. The world, in addition, recognizes him as it’s greatest playwright. He, however, never attended a university; he only attended secondary school.

This man who attended secondary school only, seems to embarrass some people of a tertiary education background. They seem embarrassed that he writes better than they write. They think, perhaps, that a tertiary educated person alone should bear the awesome titles mentioned above; and they take offence at his reputation as a writer because of this.

At first, some members of the tertiary educated fraternity set out to deny that he ever did exist. The records, however, showed that he lived and died, and so this attempt to erase his existence failed.

Shakespeare, and trying to deny him credit

Next, they tried to claim his greatness for one of their own. They tried to credit his writing to tertiary educated writers such as Christopher Marlowe and Francis Bacon. This also did not work.

(Christopher Marlowe was educated at the prestigious University of Oxford. He held a Bachelor’s degree and a Master’s degree from that university. He distinguished himself as a writer, and many knew him in this regard. Why would he hide behind Shakespeare’s name?)

(Francis Bacon attended another prestigious English institution, the University of Cambridge. Bacon held a Bachelor’s degree from this institution, and studied law at Gray’s Inn. He also fulfilled the role of statesman, and served as a parliamentarian for nearly four decades. He had no reason to hide behind Shakespeare’s name.)

They also credited other well known accomplished writers, by name, with writing Shakespeare’s works. Some of these writers, additionally, also achieved excellence in other areas. The government and society of their day held these men in high regard. They had no reason to hide behind Shakespeare’s name.

Shakespeare transcends place of  birth and upbringing

God blessed William Shakespeare with rear literary genius. He, consequently, applied his genius to write the master pieces with which we credit him. He transcends his place of birth and upbringing, and therefore belong to the whole world. This is due to his genius, and the universal nature of the masterpieces it has created.

By Edward Fagan

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This is an original essay written by Edward  Fagan.

Expressing love personally  

We can express love in a variety of ways whenever there is a need to express love. We thus can express love whenever we practise it, and practise it whenever it is welcome. When we express love, we will always do so using one or more ways of expressing such love.

We can express love in any of the various and creative ways that suit the particular relationship we are in. We should also remember that expressing love is as important as love itself, and that both are universal and perennial.

Love is a wonderful and necessary quality and practice. Humans, therefore, should possess and practise love toward each other and toward our beautiful world.

Love deserves to be expressed in the most beautiful, artistic and moral way. The esthetic quality, then, of our expression of love in any given situation can never be too high.

Some benefits of  expressing love

Practising love in a manner that reflects emotional and other forms of affection, warmth and sensitivity is important. Such practicing and displaying of love can determine the nature and extent of our response to that expression of love. Displaying love in such an appropriate tone and manner can convey a sense of peace, fraternity, joy and happiness.

Displaying love as mentioned above can bring several advantages to the recipient. It can bring delight to the hearts of recipients who might be suffering through depression, sadness and despair. When we express love, we can sometimes inspire others to cultivate a more positive view of themselves.

We can also inspire them to have a more optimistic view of their circumstances. They thus might realize the need to change for the better, their behaviour toward themselves and their circumstances.

When we express love in the manner mentioned above, and appropriately respond to it, we can experience a beneficial effect. This beneficial effect can be of a mental, emotional or other nature. Both the person who receives the expression of love, and the person who expresses love, can benefit from that expression.

Expressing love culturally and artistically

The cultures of the world reflect the importance of expressing love, in their oral, physical and other customs and traditions. These customs and traditions evolved from the love for and the importance of, expressing love. These customs and traditions and our own inclinations allow us more scope to express love in various ways. We thus enhance our capacity to express love with all of the joy, beauty and art that expressing love deserves.

The arts offer ample opportunities relevant to expressing love. They identify or create, store, retrieve and teach values and practices relevant to love and its expression. Practitioners of the literary, performing and visual arts continue to teach or remind us how we may express love beautifully.

All humans commonly share in this cultural and artistic contribution to our understanding, practice and expression of love. It thus provides an easily accessible resource which we can exploit in our effort at expressing love.

We, obviously, also have our best natural and acquired abilities relevant to expressing love. These include our verbal, physical and other abilities. How much, and the way we use this commonly-shared cultural and artistic legacy, can aid our expression of love. Our natural and acquired abilities relevant to expressing love can also help us greatly in our effort at expressing love. We, therefore, do not have any excuse for not expressing love as effectively and beautifully as we can express it.

Love, Looking At Love More Deeply

By Edward Fagan

This is an original essay written by Edward Fagan.

Training and adults  

Children: their training for life is important for several reasons. These reasons include, developing in them good and regular habits of behaviour that contribute to their personal wellness and circumstances.  These habits of behaviour are morally just toward others and themselves; and also help them to become socially graceful.

Others must assist and train them in developing such habits of behaviour. They are unable to develop these habits of behaviour on their own, given their level of immaturity.

The average level of immaturity and underdevelopment in children does not cause them to suffer any serious disadvantage. It gives them, on the contrary, freshness of mind and an eager willingness to learn and let others guide them.

(In this essay the parent, guardian and child care-giver are seen as knowing what they intend to pass on. They will pass on what they intend to, by way of instruction and example, to those children under their care . Their calling expects that they understand the relationship between indifference to training children and its consequences. That calling also expects that they understand training children in the right way and its advantages.)

Training children

Children develop good, as well as bad, regular habits of behaviour best during early childhood. They also, generally, form bad habits of behaviour where they do not develop good habits. We know what happens when children develop such bad habits of behaviour during the early years.

Younger children develop correct habits more easily than they understand concepts and principles. They doing so is also more immediately important at this stage of their development.

Understanding underlying concepts and principles behind the correct habits becomes easier as children grow older. Younger and other adolescents should understand these underlying concepts and principles, and their relationship to good and bad habits.

They should understand the connection between their actions, right and wrong, and the consequences of these to themselves and others.

Training our little ones draws on several areas of knowledge and practice. It is concerned with correctly influencing and shaping the thinking and action of young innocent persons.

Discipline and other factors

Occasionally, adults must act to prevent undesirable thought and action from becoming rooted in the minds and behaviour of children.

We can use discipline, simple and appropriate, to help us implant correct thought and behaviour, as may be necessary occasionally.

Early childhood training and development of good regular habits of behaviour contribute to the building of character. Such character affects how we relate to ourselves, and to others as individuals and members of social groups. It also affects how we relate to institutions of the sovereign state in which we live, and to God.

Parents, guardians and others who are responsible for nurturing children will determine whether they participate in the training of them. They will determine also, what methods of instruction and action they use in their attempt to successfully train them. Parents who refuse to train their offspring, choose to train them in the wrong way and toward the wrong outcome.

By Edward Fagan

 

An original essay written by Edward Fagan 

Drinkers guilt and the pressure to drink  

Drinkers guilt need not be a problem for non-drinkers. Often times, however, drinkers guilt does create a problem for non-drinkers. Some drinkers experience a sense of guilt when they drink in the presence of non-drinkers. Some drinkers use this sense of guilt as a weapon against non-drinkers.

Teetotalers who politely refuse alcohol from persons who drink sometimes experience this problem. Some drinkers never give up attempting to pressure non drinkers to drink. These drinkers even think that they should force persons who naturally hate alcohol, to drink. They also think that they should force persons who can not handle alcohol to drink.

Drinkers often tell non-drinkers that they could as well drink because they are still going to die. These drinkers never tell themselves that they could as well stop drinking because they are still going to die.

Drinkers guilt, pessimism and problems

The Accident, Is It A Wakeup Call?

According to these drinkers, you could as well take unnecessary and avoidable risks of premature death because death is inevitable.

They think you could as well take unnecessary and avoidable risk of damaging your internal organs. For them, you could as well expose yourself to unnecessary and avoidable impairment of your immune system.

They also see nothing wrong with one’s spending valuable money, time and other resources on costly medical treatment. This medical treatment is only necessary and unavoidable because of health problems caused by drinking.

It seems fitting that some drinkers would always make a reference to death in discussions involving drinking and non-drinking.

It also seems fitting that some non-drinkers would always make a reference to the optimistic and positive aspects of living. They emphasize a sensible and practical life, and the resulting advantages of health and wellness.

These drinking enthusiasts, additionally, assume the right of choice between drinking and non-drinking; but they are usually unwilling to grant that same right of choice to non-drinking, health and wellness enthusiasts.

By Edward Fagan      

 

Looking at love may allow greater understanding of its nature and practice.

This is an original essay written by Edward fagan.

Looking at love in greater detail can help us gain a clearer and better understanding of the importance of love. It can also help us understand the wonderful quality and practice that constitute love.

A clearer understanding of the wonderful quality and practice that make up love can help us in several ways. Such understanding can help us develop love’s quality more completely, and master its practice more perfectly.

We’ll start with the correct, though different, definition of the word love. Love is outgoing care and concern for the next person. It is necessary to know that love exists through action. We give and receive love through the actions we perform toward each other.

The practice of outgoing care and concern for the other person, active practical love is important. This active practical love always indicates the presence in us, of love the inner quality.

Love, the personal quality and practice

In terms of language, love is both a verb and an abstract noun. Both love in action, expressed and practical, and love, the inner quality, are spiritually good. Love, the good spiritual quality, can be a permanent trait of our character during every moment of our existence.

When love, the inner quality, is present in us we practise love, the expressed action toward others. Our outgoing care and concern toward others will aim at helping their person, or their circumstances, or both.

Practised love builds or repairs all types of relationships. Love helps, gives to, cherishes, protects, maintains and preserves the other person and their circumstances.

Love never leads to harm or destruction of the other person. It is therefore impossible for someone to truthfully claim that they killed or harmed someone because they loved them.

We experience the presence of love, the good spiritual quality, when we practise it toward others. We also experience this quality when others practise it toward us.

Our response to our experience of the presence of love as givers or recipients matters.  That response may involve our experiencing a certain emotional state. This may result in the expression of one or another type of emotional behaviour. This happens, for example, in romance and marital situations.

Love’s permanence 

Love is always permanent. Emotional experience and expression do not perform the role of love, they come and go, they are not love.

They are, in a way, similar to sexual foreplay and sexual intercourse. These are not love, but are activities through which a husband and wife can express their love for each other.

There is a course of behaviour that can get in the way and prevent us from practising love. This course of behaviour can be avoided if we uphold certain practices in our daily living.

The practices we can uphold in our daily living to prevent behaviour that obstructs the practice of love include:

Honouring our parents, as well as others in authority over us, and our elderly

Avoiding to commit murder, and avoiding to harm the other person physically or otherwise

Practising faithfulness to the other person with whom we have a romantic or marital relationship

Refusing to steal from the other person

Speaking the truth or remaining silent about the other person, instead of telling lies against him or her

Refusing to covet that which belongs to the other person; refusing to practise envy or jealousy toward him or her.

Love, or outgoing care and concern for the other person, whenever it is practised, always faithfully serves its intended purpose. The practice of love can be the backbone of all human relationships if we would allow this to happen. It can be of great spiritual and other benefit to individuals and groups alike, wherever and whenever it is practised.

Expressing Love And The Ways of Doing So

By Edward Fagan

Standing Up For Morality And The Family Was Necessary On This Occasion.

This is an original essay written by Edward fagan. 

Standing up together for a common cause is something that both government and opposition politicians should do more regularly. One occasion when all politicians should have taken this bipartisan approach was following a particular action which occurred in 2013. On this occasion, the Supreme Court of the United States struck down a section of the Defense of Marriage Act.

The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) struck down Section 3 of the Defence of Marriage Act (DOMA). This section relates to such topics as (for federal purposes) government employees insurance benefits, social security survivors’ benefits and bankruptcy. These laws apply to heterosexual couples only.

The section also relates to immigration, filing of joint tax returns and a scope of other laws. This scope of laws includes protection of (heterosexual only) families of federal officers.  It also includes financial aid eligibility laws, and federal ethics laws applying to heterosexual spouses only.

Those seeking to redefine marriage and the family, obviously, would want to have SCOTUS struck down this section of DOMA.

Standing up for DOMA

This bipartisanship was very evident in May 1996 when both government and opposition politicians voted for the same cause. The Defense Of Marriage Act (DOMA) passed Congress and the Senate by large majorities. This bipartisanship thus contributed to the DOMA being signed into law in September, 1996 by President Bill Clinton.

DOMA defines marriage as the union of one man and one woman. It also defines “spouse” as a partner in a legally recognized heterosexual marriage.

Four out of the nine SCOTUS judges voted in favour of upholding Section 3 of the DOMA. Their position is the correct one, and very noteworthy. The other five judges, clearly, misinterpreted part or all of the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment.

All elected office holders who favoured upholding the DOMA should have highlighted the voting position of those four judges. They should have upheld the voting position of those four judges locally and nationally. They then should have considered using that voting position as the rallying cry for their upholding it in practice. This would be a very good case of the ultimate bipartisanship. It would also be a valid case of the end justifying the means.

By Edward Fagan

       

Mental Health Of Some Leaders Needs To Be Checked 

The state of mental health of our politicians, statesmen and other public figures is very important. The need for an optimal standard of mental health among our national leaders can not be over emphasized. This is so given the nature of the decisions they are required to make, and given the nature and extent of the tasks they are required to perform.

normal_aussie

This relatively small group of people who run our countries have much of our fate in their hands. In a certain country, the president, about 435 congressmen and about 100 senators together decide the fate of the populace.

The populace of this country exceeds three hundred and twenty million people; and the land area of this country is more than three million square miles. This shows the power and responsibility of our political leaders, and the importance of their being of sound mind.

dog_tongue_out

It used to be the case, since the end of the second World War, that mentally unstable politicians, statesmen and other public figures holding office were mainly to be found in the third world.

Even in the third world, mentally unstable politicians were only expected to hold the reins of power following a military or other coup d’état, or a popular uprising.

face_drawing

Second world countries, perhaps, might be expected to produce the occasional unstable political leader (the former Bosnian Serb leader, Radovan Karadzic, is a good example of this point). Such a despotic leader could never be expected to come from a first world country in the post World War 2 era.

The world thought that it had seen the last of the first world’s mentally unstable politicians, following the demise of Hitler, Mussolini, General Francisco Franco, Stalin and General Hideki Tojo. Leaders of a similar mental state to these were not supposed to hold political office ever again in the first world.

doctor_blue

First world countries have been vigilant since 1945 in keeping persons of unstable mind out of high political office. The good reputation earned by the first world countries for civilized behaviour in high political office and other areas of public life, since the end of the second World War, has so far been cherished and well protected.

This situation, however, might be changing soon. There is now a person who seems to be of a very unstable mind seeking election to the highest political office in a prominent first world country. This person is their party’s nominee for the country’s highest political office in the upcoming general election.

man_posing_small

This person’s speech and behaviour remind us of the speech and behaviour of the Axis powers leaders during the nineteen thirties and nineteen forties. This person speaks and behaves like a despot, and ignores rules and conventions in their quest for power. This person shows no regard for others, relative to the consequences of this person’s speech and actions.

This person is considered by some medical experts to be mentally unbalanced. Dr. Drew Pinsky, Physician and radio talk show host, told CNN’s Don Lemon that this person seemed to be suffering from multiple mental illnesses.

Maria Konnikova, New Yorker science and psychology writer, writing on the website Big Think, suggested that this person might be suffering from Narcissistic Personality Disorder, NPD.

alert

One expert, Dr. Robert Geffner, President of San Diego’s Institution on Violence, Abuse and Trauma, says there are three aberrant disorders psychologists look for: Narcissistic Personality Disorder, or NPD; impulse control disorder; and anti-social personality disorders. Dr. Geffner says that the presence of these disorders along with bullying, existing in the same person, is a “dangerous and frightening combination”.

What happens if this person is elected to their country’s highest political office? What domestic and foreign policy principles and practices will this person pursue after the general election if they are successful at the poll?

flying_ghost

Mentally unstable persons and persons who are, otherwise not mentally well, should not be allowed to contest elections for any level of political office. All applicants to such elections should be required to undergo medical tests to verify their mental health status. Periodic mandatory checks to determine the state of mental health of prospective and actual political leaders should be a necessary requirement during their stay in office. Such checks and testing should be easy to implement. Strict psychological examination of suitable applicants to the Secret Service is standard procedure. This psychological examination can be used as an initial example module for the psychological examinations of our political leaders. The list of persons to be routinely checked should include, the president, the vice president, congressmen, senators, governors and mayors.

by Edward Fagan

Prose writing experiences are immeasurably Joyful to many of us who love writing prose.

Prose writing experiences of deep and lasting joy are had by those of us who write and love writing prose. Since I write a little but have a lot of love for writing, and since my love for writing far exceeds my ability to write, I’m forever grateful for the immensely joyful prose writing experiences which I get. (Prose is the form of writing referred to in this passage.)

headphones_dj

 

I’m grateful to writing for its peculiar and joyful experiences, which it only grants to those of us who write. One factor in writing which aids such joyful and wonderful experience is that of writing to a standard.

It brings immense joy when one successfully writes a passage that meets, in several areas, an idealistic standard toward which one aimed, from the beginning. This standard will include values relating to: writing technique, as well as esthetics and morality as they relate to writing.

man_head

There also is great joy to be had in the experience of writing a fictional passage. The author here is lord of this fictional world. He has and exercises the powers of creation, sustenance and destruction of this world. He exercises such powers over its: details, contents and events; its characters, their thoughts, speech, actions and the conditions of their existence.

Another source of joyful experiences is nonfictional writing. A world of joyful experiences is available to the writer of nonfiction who upholds certain principles in his writing. These principles include, truthfulness, objectivity, empathy, sensitivity to others feelings and the practice of writing in good taste.

happy_lady

Other experiences that can result from the practice of writing include: improved spelling and vocabulary and improved orderliness and clarity of thought. The following experiences also, can result from one’s writing activity: improved comprehension of both written and spoken language and improved general reading and speaking ability.

handsome_guy

We experience joy, satisfaction and fulfilment whenever we successfully write fiction or nonfiction. This results from our timeless love for fictional or nonfictional writing, and the application to actual writing tasks, of our natural writing ability, knowledge, and any other relevant skills we might possess.

When we write fiction, we naturally apply our creative writing ability to this task; when we write nonfiction we also do a similar thing. In both instances of writing, we also draw on knowledge, other skills and abilities to improve the outcome of our effort. In the case of creative writing, we ensure that the supportive information we give is accurate because this is important to a good end result of our effort. In the case of nonfictional writing, we ensure that the following qualities, as mentioned above, prevail through out our written work: truthfulness, objectivity, empathy, sensitivity to others feelings and the practice of writing in good taste.

By Edward Fagan

 

 

 

 

A sensible approach to campaigning between rival politicians, we should welcome. 

A sensible approach to campaigning is leading to unexpected but welcome action in the areas of financial backing and other support that are taking place in the presidential campaign of a certain political party, let’s call it Party X. Some of the traditional billionaire and multi millionaire donors of this party are refusing, in this election, to back the party’s presidential nominee.

boy_smiling

They have vowed instead, to back the other party’s presidential nominee. Let’s call this other party, Party Y. Some Congressmen and Senators of Party X, also have vowed to support the presidential nominee of Party Y.

Unexpectedly, the number of rich donors, congressmen and senators of Party X who are committed to backing and supporting the presidential nominee of Party Y continues to grow.

Why are some of the wealthy donors and prominent members of Party X refusing to back and support their own presidential nominee? Why are they choosing a sensible approach by refusing to back their party’s nominee? This candidate seems to be saying what they consider to be the wrong things, and saying them in the wrong manner.

In their view also, this candidate is committed to the wrong domestic and foreign policy goals, or none at all. This candidate too, displays an unwillingness to become involved in bipartisanship for the good of the country.

happy_lady

On the other hand, the super rich donors, congressmen and senators of Party X who’re backing and supporting the presidential nominee of Party Y, expect that this candidate will practice bipartisanship.

They know that goodwill and cooperation between both parties are necessary, and that only through such bipartisan effort can solutions be found and applied to solve the many problems facing the country.

black_curly_hair_man

A prominent member of Party X who is supporting Party Y’s presidential nominee wrote the following in the Washington Post: “When it comes to the presidency, I will not vote for [my party’s nominee], I will not cast a write-in vote. I’ll be voting for [the other party’s nominee], with the hope that [this person] can bring our people together to do things necessary to strengthen our economy, our environment and our place in the world. To my party friends: I know I’m not alone.”

brown_haired_boy

The future looks bright for cooperation on capital hill, if the position expressed in the above quote is shared by the majority of members of both parties. This changing of the prevailing approach of the last eight years should be welcome. It should be good for the people and the country because important domestic and foreign policy problems can now be dealt with in a bipartisan way. Such bipartisanship has been successfully practiced in the past; and there’s no reason why it can’t be practiced now and in the future with equal or greater success.

By Edward Fagan